Monday , 30 November 2020

Reducing the Vulnerability of Kobani Children and Adolescents in Suruç

After Kobani crisis the International Middle East Peace Research Center “IMPR Humanitarian” has been supporting displaced people through different activities.

One of these projects is the one that is conducted in Suruç district of Şanlıurfa. This is a Child Protection project that mainly focuses on the reduction of the vulnerability of Kobani children and adolescents in Suruç.

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Child Friendly Spaces

The first way of reducing the vulnerability of displaced children and adolescents is to create Child Friendly Spaces “CFS”.  Child friendly spaces “CFS” include giving activities to children and providing safe and warm places for the children to attend.

Our Child Friendly Spaces are in Uysallı, Yıldız, Ziyaret Villages and Aligör Neighborhood in Suruç: Daily, routinely, 400 children are attending our activities in CFS.

Our activities for children in CFS:

  • Psychosocial activities: Our main activities are psychosocial activities. We aim to support the children and their families to cope with effect of the Syria war. These activities mainly provide children’s physical, economic, educational, health and social needs. Psychosocial support also helps build resilience in children. Poverty, illness, conflict, neglect and abuse can all affect a child’s psychosocial wellbeing. Children may experience multiple traumas such as the illness and death of parents, violence and exploitation, stigma and discrimination, isolation and loneliness, and lack of adult support and guidance. Those are the reasons of our sensibility towards our activities and we give great importance to our support.
  • Art activities: The children need time to create something in their mind with some tools. The aim of these activities is to improve their skills and imagination.
  • Leisure time and Entertainment activities: Storytelling, drama, dance, listening music, watch the cartoon films and give them time to play outside. Children love these activities because they don’t have television in their house and materials to play outside.
  • Handcraft (making masks): The aim of these activities is to improve their handcrafts and to release their minds from the effect of the war.
  • Awareness (prevention in the winter season/ Ex: how to stay warm): Children have a huge imagination and their minds are so clear without any bad ideas but they faced many things during this conflict. We want to show that there are many good things with these activities. We are giving them their basic rights, basic hygiene rules and other basic issues that they will use during their lives.
  • Self expression activities: These activities help children develop his/her basic instincts and his/her personalities.
  • Group dynamic activities with distributing: The aim of these activities is to activate children and to discharge their energy. At the end of the activities we distribute gifts to the children for to click here encourage them.
  • Psychosocial drama: The general aim of a session is to search ideas, and other problems using drama-based activities. Its aim is also to express the feelings, develop imagination and creativity, and improve self confidence along with social and interpersonal skills.
  • Play dough: Children love to explore how objects and materials feel and through this activity they can do many different objects and materials. These “sensory” experiences help develop connections in toddlers’ brains and provide opportunities for cognitive, language and motor skills to grow.

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During the CFS activities we are making the Parents and Caregivers Focus Group Discussions to understand that CFS effect the children in a positive way. Children’s behaviors and abilities are also being checked with their families by FGD and interviews.

Distribution of the Winterization Kits

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The other way of the reducing the vulnerability of displaced children and adolescents is that distributing winterization kits to the children who came from Kobani.

IMPR Humanitarian mainly focused on the vulnerable children between the ages of 2-5, 6-9, 9-12, and 13-15.  Our eligibility and vulnerability criteria’s are as follows:

IMPR Humanitarian Targeting Criteria

1- Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Children recently displaced from Kobani
  2. Living in collective shelters, abandoned buildings or other poor living conditions in addition to families hosted by another family
  3. Low income or the household does not receive regular income or own property (land, car, shop etc) or high dependency ratios i.e. lots of children and only one parent working
  4. Currently unable to earn additional income

2- Vulnerability Criteria

  1. Families with children
  2. Households with no able-bodied member able to work
  3. Households with Pregnant and/or lactating women
  4. The household is headed by a female
  5. The household is headed by a child (<18 years)
  6. The household has one or more disabled or chronically ill members
  7. The household is caring for a child with no living parents
  8. The household is displaced and living in collective shelter, abandoned building or equivalent poor living conditions
  9. Children who are unaccompanied or separated
  10. Children living with elderly caregivers

Baseline Assessment

Another way of reducing the vulnerability of displaced adolescents is to gather up baseline assessments.

IMPR Humanitarian wants to know that Protection Needs of Syrian Refugees Adolescent between the ages of 13- 17 years old through the Survey Questions, Focus Group Discussions Questionnaires and Interview techniques to understand and make future plans for them.

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